The development gap is the variations in quality of life and standard of living between people and countries.  There are a variety of reasons why the development gap grew.

How many can you remember?

The development gap has led to huge global disparities in health, wealth, resource consumption and in education. It can also be seen as in part responsible for mass migration from LICs to NEEs and HICs.

There are a number of ways in which people are trying to reduce the development gap.  Each of these has benefits, but also disadvantages.

Ways of reducing the development gap include:

  1. Loans
  2. Investment
  3. International aid
  4. Intermediate technology
  5. Fair trade
  6. Debt relief

Can you think of the advantages and disadvantages of these?

Homework: To what extent has international aid been successful in closing the development gap? (9 marks)

Evidence that international aid has been a success can be found here.

Evidence of the failings of international aid can be found here.

Top tips

Your answer should be about a side long.  You need to include:

  1. Have an introduction where you outline what international aid and the development gap are.
  2. Include examples of where aid has been successful.
  3. Examples of where aid has failed to bring about development.
  4. A conclusion where you give your opinion.


The command “to what extent” is asking to assess an issue and make a judgement on how true it is.  There is no wright or wrong answer. You need to consider all sides of the argument, then formulate an opinion and use the evidence to back it up.

As there is no correct answer you should use tentative language.  This is because the answer to the question is not certain and people could have many different viewpoints on the issue.  Tentative language is often used in academic writing as things are open to discussion and debate

Examples of tentative language

  • tends to…
  • appears to…
  • suggests that…
  • would seem to…
  • possible or possibly
  • probable or probably
  • likely
  • may or may be
  • might, might be or might have been
  • could be
  • could have been
  • would
  • would have been
  • appears
  • suggests
  • indicates

Tentative sentence starters

  • It appears that…
  • It seems that…
  • It may be the case that…
  • It points to…
  • It suggests that…
  • One might speculate that…
  • This indicates…
  • One is struck by…
  • It is worth wondering if…
  •  It leads one to question whether…
  • It is likely that…
  • It is unlikely that…
  • There is a possibility that….

If you need help, ask BEFORE the deadline.

DEADLINE Wednesday, 18th January